Temperature records around the world
 
Country/Region Highest Maximum Temperature Lowest Minimum Temperature
World 58.0C Al’azizyah, Libya, 13 September 1922 -89.6C Vostok, Antartica, 23 July 1983
The Netherlands 38.6C Warnsveld, 23 August 1944 -27.4C Winterswijk, 27 January 1942
United Kingdom 38.5C Brogdale, 10 August 2003 or 38.1C Kew Gardens, London 10 August 2003 -27.2C Braemar, 11 February 1895 & 10 January 1982 and Altnaharra, 30 December 1995
England 38.5C Brogdale, 10 August 2003 or 38.1C Kew Gardens, London 10 August 2003 -26.1C Newport, 10 January 1982
Wales 35.2C Hawarden Bridge, 2 August 1990 -23.3C Rhayader, 21 January 1940
Scotland 32.9C Greycrook, 9 August 2003 -27.2C Braemar, 11 February 1895 & 10 January 1982 and Altnaharra, 30 December 1995
Northern Ireland 30.8C Knockarevan 30 June 1976 & Shaw's Bridge, Belfast 12 July 1983 -17.5C Magherally, 1 January 1979
Germany 40.2C Gärmersdorf bei Amberg, 27 July 1983 & Karlsruhe, 13 August 2003 -45.9C Berchtesgaden, 24 December 2001
Switzerland 41.5C Grono, 11 August 2003 -41.8C La Brévine, 12 January 1987
Austria 39.7C Dellach im Drautal, 27 July 1983 -36.6C Zwettl, 11 February 1929
Romania 44.5C Ion Sion, 10 August 1951 -38.5C Bod, 24 January 1942
France 42.7C Le Luc (near St. Tropez), 7 July 1982
Portugal 47.3C Amarelejo, 11 August 2003
Spain 50.0C Sevilla, 4 August 1881 -22.5C Albacete, 25 February 1944
Italy 45.2C Catania, 2 July 1998 -34.6C Palteau Rosa, 6 March 1971
Norway 35.6C Nesbyen, 20 June 1970 -51.4C Karasjok, 1 January 1886
Sweden 38.0C Ultuna, 9 July 1933 and Målilla 29 June 1947 -53.0C Malgovik, 13 December 1941
Finland 35.9C Turku, 9 July 1914 -51.5C Kittila, 28 January 1999
Denmark 36.4C Holstebro, August 10 1975 -31.2C Hørsted/Thy, 8 January 1982
Canada 45.0C Midale & Yellow Grass (both in Sask.), 5 July 1937 -63.0C Snag, Yukon,3 February 1947
USA 56.7C Greenland Ranch, Death Valley, CA, 10 July 1913 -62.0C Prospect Creek, Alaska, 23 January 1971 
-57.0C Roger's Pass, Montana, 20 January 1954
Alaska 38.0C Fort Yukon, 27 June 1915 -62.0C Prospect Creek, 23 January 1971
Hawaii 38.0C Pahala, 27 April 1931 -11.1C Mauna Kea, 17 May 1979
Cuba 38.6C Guantánamo, 7 August 1969 0.6C Bainoa, 18 February 1996
Argentina 48.9C Rivadavia, 11 December 1905 -33.0C Sarmiento, 1 June 1907
New Zealand (N.Island) 39.2C Ruatoria, 7 February 1973 -13.6C Chateau Tongariro, 7 July 1937
New Zealand (S.Island) 42.4C Rangoria & Jordan, 7 February 1973 -21.6C Ophir, 3 July 1995
Australia 50.7C Oodnadatta (South Australia), 2 January 1960 -23.0C Charlotte Pass (New South Wales), 29 June 1994
Thailand 44.5C Uttaradit, 27 April 1960 -1.4C Sakon Nakhon, 2 January 1974
Malaysia 38.4C Chuping, 24 February 1982, 9 & 18 April 1983 7.8C Cameron Highlands, 1 February 1978
Hong Kong 36.1C Hong Kong, 19 August 1900 & 18 August 1990 0.0C Hong Kong, 18 January 1990
Japan 40.8C Yamagata, 25 July 1933 -41.0C Asahikawa, 25 January 1902
Antarctica 14.0C Esparanza (63 degrees S), 20 October 1956 -89.6C Vostok (78 degrees S), 21 July 1983

Sources
Some new records were set during the 2003 Summer Heatwave across Europe. I think I've got them all covered here, but I'm not 100% sure - for example, I'm not 100% convinced that the records for France and Germany are correct. So, if any of these records turn out to be wrong, or records get broken please  and let me know!!!!! Thanks.

AHRENS, C.D. (2000): Meteorology Today, Brooks/Cole, p528.
Austrian Meteorological Service
Bernard Hulshof
BURT, S (2004):The August 2003 Heatwave in the UK - Part 1 Maximum Temperatures and Historical Precedents. Weather, 59, pp 199-208.
Cuba Meteorological Service
Finnish Meteorological Institute
FUKUI, E. ed (1977): The Climate of Japan, Elsevier, p317.
LUDLAM, D.M. (1989): The American Weather Book, American Meteorological Society, p296.
Hong Kong Observatory
METEONET
Meteo 89, Italy
Mitchell Brown's homepage
New Zealand Met. Services
RAIKHEL, E. (2000): Extreme Weather, Scientific American, 40-41.
Romanina Meteorological Service
Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute
Swiss Meteorological Service
Thai Meteorological Department
UKMO website

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Dan Suri, last updated 22 July 2005